First Aid Myths That We Need To Stop Doing

We learned it from our grandparents. We saw it done on someone, too. But did you know that there are age long first aid treatments that are completely false?

 

 

 

 

 

 

Let us learn about these common first aid misconceptions so that we can stop doing them. It is also important to note that First Aid is only meant to alleviate the pain of the patient while waiting for the paramedics. We still need to seek professional medical help so that they can give proper assessment and treatment can to the injured person.

Bleeding wound

Myth: Put it under running water

Do not place a large bleeding area under running water. It will wash away the clotting agents that would help stop the bleeding.

What to do:

You need to put pressure on the wound. Cover it with a pad, not cotton, to slow down the blood flow.

Burns

Myth: Apply butter or toothpaste to the burned area

Using these home solutions are not right for burns. These home remedies could even cause infection to the injured site.

What to do:

Put the burnt area under cool running water for at least 20 minutes. The cool water will help relieve the affected area. It is also a good idea to keep burn ointment in your medicine cabinet.

Nosebleed

Myth: Tilt your head back to stop the bleeding

You want the blood to flow out because it could flow to your throat and cause you to vomit.

What to do:

Tilt your head forward and use a tissue to absorb the blood from your nose. Do not forget to breathe through your mouth.

Choking

Myth: Slap the back of the person suffering from choking.

Instead of coughing the object out, hitting the back could even force the object deeper in the throat.

What to do:

Apply the Heimlich maneuver. Please click the following link to learn the maneuver. (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7CgtIgSyAiU). If the victim is no longer breathing or is unconscious, you need to apply CPR.

Poisoning

Myth: Make the poisoned person vomit

The poison ingested may cause different reactions to the person. As such, inducing vomiting is not always the right solution for poisoning.  Vomiting could even make things worse for the patient because some chemical may have a burning effect. If the patient vomits, the chemical will go up to the throat again causing more damage.

What to do:

Know the particular poison the person took and call an emergency poison hotline to know the proper first aid to apply.

Seizure

Myth: Lodge a spoon in the mouth of someone suffering from a seizure.

It’s not true that a person suffering from a seizure could swallow their tongue. Do not give a drink or put anything in the mouth of the patient because it can block the person’s airways.

What to do:

Keep the patient away from dangerous objects that could fall and injure them. Once the seizure is over, turn the person to their side to keep their airway open.

Physical Injuries

Myth: Move the injured person to a comfortable position

You may risk causing more damage when you attempt to move an injured person

What to do:

You should only move them if the injured person is in immediate danger. You need to apply something to support the injured part if you think the victim has a broken bone. If you are not sure, just do not move the patient and call for help. The paramedics can safely transport the injured person to the nearest hospital.

While saving someone is an instinct. Remember not rush to the scene and apply first aid if you do not have proper training. Even if you mean well, giving the wrong first aid treatment to a person could cause more harm than good. The best thing you can do if you are not trained to do first aid is to call for help.

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How To Make A First Aid Kit

Keeping a well-stocked first aid kit should be part of your emergency preparation. The first aid kit is the first thing you need when there is an emergency around you. Although you can use your resourcefulness to improvise, time is of the essence when you need to save a life. Having a first aid kid close-by will take away the stress in dealing with emergency situations.

You must keep a first aid kit handy in your house as well as in every car you own. Yes, in your vehicle, too. Having a first aid kit in these places will ensure that you have the tools you need in case of an emergency. You can also bring a first aid kit when you travel. Just make sure that you place the first aid kit in your checked-in baggage because some of the items in there are not allowed in hand-carried baggage.

There are ready-made first aid kits sold in drugstores and your local Red Cross organization. But you may opt to prepare it by yourself.

Here are the essential things that need to be in your emergency kit. The contents of the kit are enough for a family of four. You need to add a little if your family has more than four members.

  • First Aid Manual
  • Two 5×9″ absorbent compress dressings
  • 25 assorted adhesive bandages
  • One adhesive cloth tape
  • Five antibiotic ointment packets
  • Five antiseptic wipe packets
  • Alcohol
  • Two packets of aspirin (81 mg each)
  • One blanket
  • One breathing barrier (with one-way valve)
  • One instant cold compress
  • Two pairs of large non-latex gloves
  • Two 1 gram hydrocortisone ointment
  • Calamine Lotion
  • Scissors
  • One 3″ roller bandage
  • One 4″ roller bandage
  • Five 3×3″ sterile gauze pads
  • Five 4×4″ sterile gauze pads
  • Oral thermometer (Please look for non-mercury and non-glass thermometer)
  • Two triangular bandages
  • Tweezers
  • Safety pins
  • Disposable cold packs
  • Soap
  • Flashlight and spare batteries

Aside from the listed items, you need to include your personal prescription medicines and a list of emergency numbers in the kit, too. Once you have the items ready, put them in a bag.

In addition, please take note of the following important reminders after the kits have been prepared.

  • Tell everyone in your family where the first aid kit is. Store your kit in an accessible place but away from very young children.
  • Read through the first aid kit manual, with your older kids if possible, so that you will know how to use the items in your kit. It will save you time and the stress to know what exactly you need to do in emergency situations.
  • Check your first aid kits regularly and replenish the stock once it has been used up or expired already.
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Reading the Emergency First Aid Labels

When it comes to chemicals, as long as it is in its proper container, you will find an emergency first aid label at the back; instructing you how to perform first aid treatment those exposed to the chemicals. It is important to note these whenever you can, as you will never know when this information could come in handy. If the label for some reason is not legible or missing, you may call poison control or inquire the emergency services what you could do while waiting for help to arrive.  If the victim were exposed to an unknown pesticide, contacting the Pest Control Lynwood company that administered it would be a good move to notify the emergency services what the irritant or poison that caused the harm. There is also a good chance that the company who used the pesticide would know the first aid procedures for that patient.

Knowing exactly what the chemical you are dealing with is essential to understanding the appropriate response to bad contact. Familiarizing yourself with the emergency first aid procedures can also save the life of a victim. At the very least become familiar to common poisons, and it’s antidotes, surprisingly enough most poisonings and irritants are mostly caused by a handful of the same chemicals.

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Wasp: First Aid And Control

My auntie loves gardening so much. I remember how we spent summer at her house when we were little. It was our time of the month where we can play in puddles, dig earthworms, and harvest vegetables to cook for lunch. It was like living in the countryside in the middle of Fresno.

We still go there now that we have kids. My auntie couldn’t work as much in the garden as she likes but she hired a gardener to maintain the plants. My cousin also tried her green thumb in the backyard and started planting flowers.

The garden is such a beauty! I only have a few potted plants in my apartment that is why I love it when I spend a weekend at auntie’s house. The flowers are all in bloom, and my sister decided to cut some flowers to bring inside the house.

Little did she know that there is a wasp hive that settled on a tree near her flower plot. The next thing we heard was her cries of pain. Nobody knew what to do. We had to scramble on the internet to find treatment to a wasp sting.

Then, my cousin’s husband instinctively called his friend at pest control Fresno. He just couldn’t let wasps live near my auntie’s home and my cousin’s beloved flower garden. The pest control was quick to remove the wasps. My cousin still has a bit of phobia going near her flowers, but hopefully, she will recover.

Here is the first aid for wasp sting in case you are still unfamiliar. Knowing first aid is really a must for everyone. In times of emergency, every second count. Rancho Cucamonga bail bonds companies provide superb bail bonds services to Californian’s

  • Take off the stinger fast. You can use a flat surfaced thing, such as a credit card, to scrape off the stinger.
  • Clean the sting area with water and soap. You can spread a little bit of hydrocortisone cream on the sting to minimize redness and swelling.
  • Put an ice pack on the bite. It will help relieve the pain in the area. You can do this once every hour for 20 minutes until it feels well.
  • Take an over-the-counter antihistamine to reduce itching and swelling. Benadryl and Claritin are common remedies.
  • You can drink pain relievers such as Ibuprofen or Acetaminophen as needed.

If you experienced an allergic reaction from bee or wasp stings before, you need to go to the hospital immediately to manage the response. Usually, they will give you antihistamines, but if you have a severe allergic reaction, you may need to be confined for observation and treatment. You also need to go to the doctor if you have more than ten stings or if you were stung inside your mouth and throat.

Wasps are dangerous creatures to be around the garden especially if there are small kids. Make sure that you control them before they take over your home and to avoid accidental stings.

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First Aid and Safety on a Construction Site

My brother works at a small construction firm in New Jersey. In one of their renovation jobs last year, his co-worker got a nasty wound from the wood waste lying around their building site. The cut was quite deep, and the bleeding did not stop right away.  Good thing, my brother knew a little bit of first aid when it comes to deep wounds. He immediately ran to get a bandage so he can apply pressure on the wound and control the bleeding. When it stopped, they rinsed the wound with water, covered the wound and brought his co-worker to the nearest hospital for proper medical treatment.

The event led to the realization that in spite of the small construction project, they should have proper storage for debris around the building site. The site manager immediately called in dumpster rentals New Jersey to request for a small dumpster that they can use. The site was cleared of debris in no time, and it was easy to clean up after the job because they will just call the rental to haul the waste away. My friends who work as carpet cleaners in Atlanta know that carpet cleaning business is not an easy one.

The incident could have been a disaster if no one on the site was trained in first aid. Please remember these steps so that you will know how to treat deep wounds.

  1. Manage the bleeding

Look for a clean cloth or gauze to apply direct pressure on the wound until the bleeding stops. If the material you used is soaked in blood, just put more cloth on top of it, instead of replacing.

You also need to raise the injured part if possible to slow down the bleeding.

Remember that you only need to apply a tourniquet when the direct pressure hasn’t stopped the bleeding.

  1. Clean the wound

Wash your hands before you start cleaning the wound to prevent infection.

Once the bleeding subsides, you can wash the injured area with soap and warm water. Do not use hydrogen peroxide or iodine directly on the wound.

  1. Protect the Wound

You may apply over-the-counter antibiotic cream to minimize the chance of infection. Then, cover the injured part with a sterile bandage.

Remember to change the dressing daily.

  1. Call the doctor

Here are the instances when you need to call a doctor as soon as you discover the injury:

  • When the wound is very deep, or the edges are irregular in shape, and it is wide open.
  • When the damage is on the face.
  • When there is debris that you cannot take off.
  • When the wound shows symptoms of infection, especially when there is a thick discharge and the injured person got a fever.
  • When the injured area feels numb.
  • When red streaks are surrounding the wound.
  • When the injured person did not receive a tetanus vaccine in the last five years.

As we all know, prevention is better than cure. So, it is crucial that the safety standards are followed. Especially for renovation projects, construction wastes should be stored and disposed of properly to prevent injuries.

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First Aid For Electricians

Electricians are exposed to high-voltage of electricity every day as part of their jobs. Although safety procedures and gears are available, it is not a guarantee that accidents will never happen. Sometimes the location of the work site is far from medical facilities that can respond to emergencies. As such, contractors need to ensure that the electricians are given first aid training as part of their work requirements.

You should inquire from your electrical service provider whether they provide first aid training to their employees. This may not be a usual question to ask, but it would reveal whether the power company takes safety seriously and on top of their priority. One example is Electrician Atlanta. Their electricians are not only professional electric experts, they are also equipped with sufficient knowledge and skills on safety.

A trained first aid responder should always be available at the work site. It would only take a few minutes of lack of air to the person who suffered from electrical shock could result in irreversible damage.

With the risks involved on the job, each electrician should be trained in first aid treatment especially in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and automated external defibrillator (AED). The first aid training should be taken from reputable first aid organization such as the Red Cross.

The basic first aid course for electricians should be consist of principles or triage, surveying of the scene and the victims, first aid treatments, and administration of supplies. First aid treatment for electrical shocks, heart attacks, stroke, burns, and musculoskeletal injuries should be highlighted.

Aside from adequate first aid training to the personnel and the availability of a trained first aid responder in the worksite, electricians should also have their first aid kits at all times. The US Department of Labor – Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is the federal agency that enforces safety and health practices in the workplace. OSHA has provided guidelines for the first aid kits for high-risk jobs such as in the electrical field. Although the regulations do not specify the actual contents of the first aid kits, the rule of having an available first aid kit on worksites are emphasized.

The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) introduced two classes of first aid kits to be used in the workplace.

Class A kits will contain supplies to address common workplace injuries. Here are the essential items to be included.

  • 16 Adhesive Bandages, 1″ x 3″ 1
  • Adhesive Tape, 2.5 yds.
  • 10 Antibiotic Treatment, 0.14 Fl. oz. (0.5g) applications
  • 10 Antiseptic, 0.14 Fl. oz. (0.5g) applications
  • 1 Breathing Barrier
  • 1 Burn Dressing, 4″ x 4.”
  • 10 Burn Treatment, 1/32 oz. (0.9g) applications
  • 1 Cold Pack, 4″ x 5″
  • 2 Eye Coverings
  • 1 Eye Wash, 1 oz.
  • 1 First Aid Guide
  • 6 Hand Sanitizer, 1/32 oz. (0.9g) applications
  • 4 Medical Exam Gloves
  • 1 Roller Bandage, 2″ x 4 yds.
  • 1 Scissors 2 Sterile Pads, 3″ x 3.”
  • 2 Trauma Pads, 5″ x 9.”
  • 1 Triangular Bandage, 40″ x 40″ x 56″

Class B kits consist of specific supplies to apply to injuries in more complex or high-risk environments. It is consist of the following items.

  • 50 Adhesive Bandages, 1″ x 3.”
  • 2 Adhesive Tape, 2.5 yds.
  • 25 Antibiotic Treatment, 0.14 Fl. oz. (0.5g) applications
  • 50 Antiseptic, 0.14 Fl. oz. (0.5g) applications
  • 1 Breathing Barrier
  • 2 Burn Dressing, 4″ x 4″ 25
  • Burn Treatment, 1/32 oz. (0.9g) applications
  • 2 Cold Pack, 4″ x 5″
  • 2 Eye Coverings
  • 1 Eye Wash, 4 oz.
  • 1 First Aid Guide
  • 10 Hand Sanitizer, 1/32 oz. (0.9g) applications
  • 8 Medical Exam Gloves
  • 2 Roller Bandage, 2″ x 4 yds.
  • 1 Roller Bandage, 4″ x 4 yds.
  • 1 Scissors
  • 1 Padded Splint, 4″ x 24″
  • 4 Sterile Pads, 3″ x 3.”
  • 1 Tourniquet, 1.”
  • 4 Trauma Pads, 5″ x 9″
  • 2 Triangular Bandage, 40″ x 40″ x 56″

Please get in touch with your local safety board if you have a specific question on the safety regulations and requirements in your area.

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